NYCODIEL properties


In service, fluids are usually submitted to temperatures ranging from 60°C to 120-140°C. Temperature can degrade the chemical matter and solid and liquid insulation. Oxidation stability is an important characteristic to measure and monitor. Acidity is also an indicator of the fluid’s health – the lower the acidity levels, the longer the fluid will continue to perform optimally – not to mention the impact that it could have on the other components of the transformer. NYCODIEL water compatibility offers an improvement in solid insulation protection, meaning less power loss and a longer shelf life for paper insulation. Thermal oxidation stability The test duration was extended from 164h to 500h and even to 800h. Testing at 500h is recommended by IEC 61099 but is not mandatory. Testing at 800h is neither required nor recommended, but was performed to illustrate how the different technologies resist to longer periods of stress. IEC 61125 Method C Test conditions:

  • Temperature: 120°C
  • Air flow: 0.15 l/h
  • Metal: Cu
  • Oil quantity: 25 g
Characteristics Duration Hrs Synthetic Ester Vegetable Oil Mineral Oil Silicone Oil IEC 61099 limit
Acid number (mg KOH/g) 0 0.01 0.02 0.02/0.01 0.07 0.03 0.01  
164 0.09 0.08 0.09/0.01 2.84 0.40 0.01 Max 0.3
500 0.16 0.14 0.20/0.01 ND 1.10 0.01  
800 0.23 0.23 0.23/0.01 ND 1.29 0.01  
Deposit 164 0.004 0.005 0.005/0.004 0.5 0.10 0.01 Max 0.01
500 0.004 0.005 0.005 ND 0.14 0.01  
800 0.005 0.005 0.003 ND 0.17 0.02  
Appearance after 800hrs     Nycodiel 1255 N/A; product becomes solid between 164h and 500h. huile minérale huile silicone  

NYCODIEL fluids exhibited very good resistance to oxidation and corrosion. They resist high temperatures and have a long shelf life. Water Influence Due to their structures, synthetic esters absorb water. Water is then not free but “inactive” since it links to ester molecules by hydrogen bonds and Van der Waals links. This property allows to partially dehydrate insulating paper, leading to improvement of transformer life time without loss of power. It is a considerable advantage in the case of retro-filling. In-service fluid survey IEC 61203 is the service survey-fluid maintenance standard to be used to determine conformity of a fluid in service. The in-service survey is carried out as for conventional dielectric fluids

  • Water content
  • Acidity
  • Fire point
  • Dielectric breakdown voltage
  • Dielectric dissipation factor

Other analyses like viscosity, density, dissolved gas content, should be done to evaluate the main product characteristics.

NYCODIEL properties